CHAPTER - 14
" The Three Modes Of Material Nature "
CHP. No.
Bhagavad-gita 14.14


Chapter 14, Verse 1.



sri-bhagavan uvaca
param bhuyah pravaksyami jnananam jnanam uttamam
yaj jnatva munayah sarve param siddhim ito gatah

TRANSLATION
The Blessed Lord said: Again I shall declare to you this supreme wisdom, the best of all knowledge, knowing which all the sages have attained the supreme perfection.

Chapter 14, Verse 2.



idam jnanam upasritya mama sadharmyam agatah
sarge ’pi nopajayante pralaye na vyathanti ca

TRANSLATION
By becoming fixed in this knowledge, one can attain to the transcendental nature, which is like My own nature. Thus established, one is not born at the time of creation nor disturbed at the time of dissolution.

Chapter 14, Verse 3.



mama yonir mahad brahma tasmin garbham dadhamy aham
sambhavah sarva-bhutanam tato bhavati bharata

TRANSLATION
The total material substance, called Brahman, is the source of birth, and it is that Brahman that I impregnate, making possible the births of all living beings, O son of Bharata.

Chapter 14, Verse 4.



sarva-yonisu kaunteya murtayah sambhavanti yah
tasam brahma mahad yonir aham bija-pradah pita

TRANSLATION
It should be understood that all species of life, O son of Kunti, are made possible by birth in this material nature, and that I am the seed-giving father.

Chapter 14, Verse 5.



sattvam rajas tama iti gunah prakriti-sambhavah
nibadhnanti maha-baho dehe dehinam avyayam

TRANSLATION
Material nature consists of the three modes--goodness, passion and ignorance. When the living entity comes in contact with nature, he becomes conditioned by these modes.

Chapter 14, Verse 6.



tatra sattvam nirmalatvat prakasakam anamayam
sukha-sangena badhnati jnana-sangena canagha

TRANSLATION
O sinless one, the mode of goodness being purer than the others, is illuminating, and it frees one from all sinful reactions. Those situated in that mode develop knowledge, but they become conditioned by the concept of happiness.

Chapter 14, Verse 7.



rajo ragatmakam viddhi trsna-sanga-samudbhavam
tan nibadhnati kaunteya karma-sangena dehinam

TRANSLATION
The mode of passion is born of unlimited desires and longings, O son of Kunti, and because of this one is bound to material fruitive activities.

Chapter 14, Verse 8.



tamas tv ajnana-jam viddhi mohanam sarva-dehinam
pramadalasya-nidrabhis tan nibadhnati bharata

TRANSLATION
O son of Bharata, the mode of ignorance causes the delusion of all living entities. The result of this mode is madness, indolence and sleep, which bind the conditioned soul.

Chapter 14, Verse 9.



sattvam sukhe sanjayati rajah karmani bharata
jnanam avrtya tu tamah pramade sanjayaty uta

TRANSLATION
The mode of goodness conditions one to happiness, passion conditions him to the fruits of action, and ignorance to madness.

Chapter 14, Verse 10.



rajas tamas cabhibhuya sattvam bhavati bharata
rajah sattvam tamas caiva tamah sattvam rajas tatha

TRANSLATION
Sometimes the mode of passion becomes prominent, defeating the mode of goodness, O son of Bharata. And sometimes the mode of goodness defeats passion, and at other times the mode of ignorance defeats goodness and passion. In this way there is always competition for supremacy.

Chapter 14, Verse 11.



sarva-dvaresu dehe ’smin prakasa upajayate
jnanam yada tada vidyad vivrddham sattvam ity uta

TRANSLATION
The manifestations of the mode of goodness can be experienced when all the gates of the body are illuminated by knowledge.

Chapter 14, Verse 12.



lobhah pravrttir arambhah karmanam asamah sprha
rajasy etani jayante vivrddhe bharatarsabha

TRANSLATION
O chief of the Bharatas, when there is an increase in the mode of passion, the symptoms of great attachment, uncontrollable desire, hankering, and intense endeavor develop.

Chapter 14, Verse 13.



aprakaso ’pravrttis ca pramado moha eva ca
tamasy etani jayante vivrddhe kuru-nandana

TRANSLATION
O son of Kuru, when there is an increase in the mode of ignorance, madness, illusion, inertia and darkness are manifested.

Chapter 14, Verse 14.



yada sattve pravrddhe tu pralayam yati deha-bhrt
tadottama-vidam lokan amalan pratipadyate

TRANSLATION
When one dies in the mode of goodness, he attains to the pure higher planets.

Chapter 14, Verse 15.



rajasi pralayam gatva karma-sangisu jayate
tatha pralinas tamasi mudha-yonisu jayate

TRANSLATION
When one dies in the mode of passion, he takes birth among those engaged in fruitive activities; and when he dies in the mode of ignorance, he takes birth in the animal kingdom.

Chapter 14, Verse 16.



karmanah sukritasyahuh sattvikam nirmalam phalam
rajasas tu phalam duhkham ajnanam tamasah phalam

TRANSLATION
By acting in the mode of goodness, one becomes purified. Works done in the mode of passion result in distress, and actions performed in the mode of ignorance result in foolishness.

Chapter 14, Verse 17.



sattvat sanjayate jnanam rajaso lobha eva ca
pramada-mohau tamaso bhavato ’jnanam eva ca

TRANSLATION
From the mode of goodness, real knowledge develops; from the mode of passion, greed develops; and from the mode of ignorance, foolishness, madness and illusion develop.

Chapter 14, Verse 18.



urdhvam gacchanti sattva-stha madhye tisthanti rajasah
jaghanya-guna-vrtti-stha adho gacchanti tamasah

TRANSLATION
Those situated in the mode of goodness gradually go upward to the higher planets; those in the mode of passion live on the earthly planets; and those in the mode of ignorance go down to the hellish worlds.

Chapter 14, Verse 19.



nanyam gunebhyah kartaram yada drastanupasyati
gunebhyas ca param vetti mad-bhavam so ’dhigacchati

TRANSLATION
When you see that there is nothing beyond these modes of nature in all activities and that the Supreme Lord is transcendental to all these modes, then you can know My spiritual nature.

Chapter 14, Verse 20.



gunan etan atitya trin dehi deha-samudbhavan
janma-mrityu-jara-duhkhair vimukto ’mrtam asnute

TRANSLATION
When the embodied being is able to transcend these three modes, he can become free from birth, death, old age and their distresses and can enjoy nectar even in this life.

Chapter 14, Verse 21.



arjuna uvaca
kair lingais trin gunan etan atito bhavati prabho
kim acarah katham caitams trin gunan ativartate

TRANSLATION
Arjuna inquired: O my Lord, by what symptoms is one known who is transcendental to those modes? What is his behavior? And how does he transcend the modes of nature?

Chapter 14, Verse 22-25.



sri-bhagavan uvaca
prakasam ca pravrttim ca moham eva ca pandava
na dvesti sampravrttani na nivrttani kanksati

udasina-vad asino gunair yo na vicalyate
guna vartanta ity evam yo ’vatishthati nengate

sama-duhkha-sukhah sva-sthah sama-lostasma-kancanah
tulya-priyapriyo dhiras tulya-nindatma-samstutih

manapamanayos tulyas tulyo mitrari-pakshayoh
sarvarambha-parityagi gunatitah sa ucyate

TRANSLATION
The Blessed Lord said: He who does not hate illumination, attachment and delusion when they are present, nor longs for them when they disappear; who is seated like one unconcerned, being situated beyond these material reactions of the modes of nature, who remains firm, knowing that the modes alone are active; who regards alike pleasure and pain, and looks on a clod, a stone and a piece of gold with an equal eye; who is wise and holds praise and blame to be the same; who is unchanged in honor and dishonor, who treats friend and foe alike, who has abandoned all fruitive undertakings--such a man is said to have transcended the modes of nature.

Chapter 14, Verse 26.



mam ca yo ’vyabhicarena bhakti-yogena sevate
sa gunan samatityaitan brahma-bhuyaya kalpate

TRANSLATION
One who engages in full devotional service, who does not fall down in any circumstance, at once transcends the modes of material nature and thus comes to the level of Brahman.

Chapter 14, Verse 27.



brahmano hi pratishthaham amritasyavyayasya ca
sasvatasya ca dharmasya sukhasyaikantikasya ca

TRANSLATION
And I am the basis of the impersonal Brahman, which is the constitutional position of ultimate happiness, and which is immortal, imperishable and eternal.

HARE KRISHNA HARE KRISHNA... KRISHNA KRISHNA HARE HARE... HARE RAMA HARE RAMA... RAMA RAMA HARE HARE...

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